Comparative flexural behavior of ultra-high-performance concrete reinforced with hybrid straight steel fibers

Doo Yeol Yoo, Sung Wook Kim, Jung Jun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the implications of fiber hybridization on the flexural behavior of ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). To do this, we considered three straight steel fibers with different lengths, lf, of 13 mm (short), 19.5 mm (medium-length), and 30 mm (long) at various volume fractions. Test results indicated that the hybrid use of long and medium-length fibers effectively improved the flexural performance in terms of post-cracking strength, deflection capacity, toughness, and cracking behavior, whereas the hybrid use of long and short fibers generally decreased the performance. To verify this observation, a micromechanical analysis was performed for obtaining the fiber bridging curve, which most significantly influences the post-cracking properties. The hybrid use of long and short (or medium-length) fibers provided negative synergy values in toughness due to several detrimental effects. The complementary energy in the fiber bridging curve increased with an increase in the fiber length, so that an increase in the proportion of short (or medium-length) fiber clearly decreased the complementary energy. Based on a proposed equation for the relationship between the normalized modulus of rupture and the fiber reinforcing index, we found that it is possible to produce deflection-hardening behavior of UHPC with straight steel fibers when the fiber reinforcing index is higher than 0.5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-229
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science

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