This paper presents a new design to realize a compact Rotman lens-fed antenna array. The lens-fed antenna has the form of two layers, which is a new approach to reducing the size of the Rotman lens. The approach is demonstrated at 24 GHz aiming for an automotive sensing radar. The lens consists of a top metal layer, a dielectric, a common ground, a dielectric, and a bottom metal layer, in sequential order. The layout of the lens body is placed on the bottom layer and the antennas are placed on the top layer. Both of them are electrically connected through slot transitions. This two-layer structure reduces not only the total size of the lens, but also the loss of the delay lines because the lines can be designed to be as short and straight as possible. The two-layer Rotman lens-fed antenna array is measured in terms of scattering parameters and beam patterns. From the scattering parameters, the power efficiencies of the beam port 1, 2, and 3 at 24 GHz are obtained as 32.3%, 48.5%, and 50.8%, respectively. The measured beam patterns show that the beam directions are -28.1°, 14.9°, 0°, 15.5°, and 28.6° and the beamwidths are 13.4° , 13.2° , 12.8°, 13.5°, and 13.0°. The measurements onfirm that the compact two-layer Rotman lens has been successfully demonstrated.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received July 29, 2009; revised June 24, 2010; accepted September 16, 2010. Date of publication December 03, 2010; date of current version February 02, 2011. This work was supported in part by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) grant funded by the Korea government (R01-2007-000-11294-0) and in part by National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (KRF-2008-D00792).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering