Community-Acquired vs. Nosocomial Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis

Young Eun Chon, Seung Up Kim, Chun Kyon Lee, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Kwang Hyub Han, Chae Yoon Chon, Sinyoung Kim, Kyu Sik Jung, Sang Hoon Ahn

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aims: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common complication in patients with end-stage liver disease, but reports comparing community-acquired SBP (CA-SBP) with nosocomial SBP (N-SBP) are rare. This study compared the clinical characteristics, microbiological characteristics, and treatment outcomes of patients with CA-SBP and N-SBP. Methodology: Records for 248 patients (173 men, 75 women) with cirrhosis who experienced SBP were retrospectively reviewed. Results: The study population included 202 (81.5%) patients with CA-SBP and 46 (18.5%) patients with N-SBP. Patients with CA-SBP or N-SBP showed no significant differences in baseline or microbiological characteristics, except for a high frequency of previous SBP history in the N-SBP population (P=0.020). During hospitalization, antibiotic switching and in-hospital mortality were significantly higher for patients with N-SBP than CA-SBP (35.6% vs. 8.9%; P=0.001 and 30.4% vs. 12.9%; P=0.028). There were 202 (81.5%) deaths during the follow-up period, with longer overall survival time in patients with CA-SBP (7.9 vs. 3.9 months; P=0.041). However, time to recurrence was not significantly different between the two groups (4.7 vs. 3.6 months; P=0.910). Conclusions: N-SBP was significantly associated with increased antibiotic switching, higher inhospital mortality and shorter overall survival. Third-generation cephalosporin may be inappropriate as first-line empirical antibiotics for patients with N-SBP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2283-2290
Number of pages8
Issue number136
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© H.G.E. Update Medical Publishing S A, Athens.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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