Combined dust detection algorithm by using MODIS infrared channels over East Asia

Sang Seo Park, Jhoon Kim, Jaehwa Lee, Sukjo Lee, Jeong Soo Kim, Lim Seok Chang, Steve Ou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


A new dust detection algorithm is developed by combining the results of multiple dust detection methods using IR channels onboard the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). Brightness Temperature Difference (BTD) between two wavelength channels has been used widely in previous dust detection methods. However, BTD methods have limitations in identifying the offset values of the BTD to discriminate clear-sky areas. The current algorithm overcomes the disadvantages of previous dust detection methods by considering the Brightness Temperature Ratio (BTR) values of the dual wavelength channels with 30-day composite, the optical properties of the dust particles, the variability of surface properties, and the cloud contamination. Therefore, the current algorithm shows improvements in detecting the dust loaded region over land during daytime. Finally, the confidence index of the current dust algorithm is shown in 10. ×. 10. pixels of the MODIS observations. From January to June, 2006, the results of the current algorithm are within 64 to 81% of those found using the fine mode fraction (FMF) and aerosol index (AI) from the MODIS and Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI). The agreement between the results of the current algorithm and the OMI AI over the non-polluted land also ranges from 60 to 67% to avoid errors due to the anthropogenic aerosol. In addition, the developed algorithm shows statistically significant results at four AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET) sites in East Asia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-39
Number of pages16
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Eco Innovation Program of KEITI Korea ( ARQ201204015 ). The authors express their thanks to the principal investigators and their staff for establishing and maintaining the AERONET and MODIS sites used in this study. SSP, JK and JHL received partial support from the Brain Korea 21 (BK21) program .

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Soil Science
  • Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences


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