The formation of thin amorphous cobalt titanium nitride (CoTiN) layers was investigated using a supercycle method of atomic layer deposition (ALD). The stoichiometry of the resultant ALD CoTiN films was controlled by changing the ratio of Co and TiN thicknesses. X-ray diffraction analysis and transmission electron microscopy observations showed that the microstructure of the ALD Co and TiN was transformed from polycrystalline to amorphous CoTiN. The stoichiometry of the CoTiN layer was affected by the growth characteristics of ALD Co and TiN on each surface. The results revealed that ALD TiN undergoes nucleation incubation on the ALD Co surface, whereas ALD Co does not undergo nucleation incubation on the ALD TiN surface. The properties of the amorphous CoTiN layers were evaluated by diffusion experiments and mechanical tests. Because of the lack of grain boundaries, the CoTiN efficiently blocks the diffusion of Cu at elevated temperatures and exhibits higher hardness compared with ALD Co.
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© 2017 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry