Cluster X-ray line at 3.5 keV from axion-like dark matter

Hyun Min Lee, Seong Chan Park, Wan Il Park

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36 Citations (Scopus)


The recently reported X-ray line signal at (Formula Presented.) from a stacked spectrum of various galaxy clusters and the Andromeda galaxy may be originating from a decaying dark matter particle of the mass (Formula Presented.). A light axion-like scalar is suggested as a natural candidate for dark matter and its production mechanisms are closely examined. We show that the right amount of axion relic density with the preferred parameters, (Formula Presented.) and (Formula Presented.), can be naturally obtainable from the decay of inflaton. If the axions were produced from the saxion decay, it could not have constituted the total relic density due to the bound from structure formation. Nonetheless, the saxion decay is an interesting possibility, because the (Formula Presented.) line and dark radiation can be addressed simultaneously, being consistent with the Planck data. Small misalignment angles of the axion, ranging between (Formula Presented.)–(Formula Presented.) depending on the reheating temperature, can also be the source of axion production. The model with axion misalignment can satisfy the constraints for structure formation and iso-curvature perturbation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3062
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sept 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research is supported in part by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2013R1A1A2007919) (HML), (2011-0010294), (2011-0029758), and (2013R1A1A2064120) (SCP) and (2012R1A2A1A01006053) (WIP). HML is also supported by the Chung-Ang University Research Grants in 2014.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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