Clinical Outcomes After Urinary Diversion for Malignant Ureteral Obstruction Secondary to Non-urologic Cancer: An Analysis of 778 Cases

Ji Eun Heo, Dae Young Jeon, Jongsoo Lee, Won Sik Ham, Young Deuk Choi, Won Sik Jang

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study investigated patient outcomes after urinary diversion in order to manage malignant ureteral obstruction caused by non-urologic cancers and to evaluate predictive factors for overall survival. Methods: The study retrospectively reviewed patients with non-urologic malignancies who underwent ureteral stenting or percutaneous nephrostomy for ureteral obstruction between 2006 and 2014. The variables for predicting overall survival were identified by Cox regression analysis. Results: The study enrolled 778 patients, including 522 patients who underwent ureteral stenting and 256 patients who underwent percutaneous nephrostomy. Renal function was assessed immediately and then 2 weeks after urinary diversion. The median survival period was 5 months (interquartile range [IQR] 2–12 months). A total of 708 patients died. The patients who received chemotherapy after urinary diversion had a survival gain of 7 months compared with the patients who did not receive subsequent chemotherapy (p < 0.001). The survival rate did not differ between the various types of urinary diversion (p = 0.451). In the multivariate analysis, lower survival rates were significantly associated with male sex; previous chemotherapy without radiotherapy; an increasing number of events related to malignant dissemination; low preoperative hemoglobin (< 10 mg/dL), albumin (< 3 g/dL), and estimated glomerular filtration (< 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) rates; and no subsequent chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Conclusions: In cases of ureteral obstruction caused by non-urologic malignancies, the overall survival was poor. However, the patients who received chemotherapy after urinary diversion had a survival gain of 7 months. Therefore, urinary diversion could be considered to preserve renal function for subsequent chemotherapy, whereas patients with the poor prognostic factors should be presented with the option of no intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2367-2373
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of surgical oncology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Society of Surgical Oncology.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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