Circulating cold-inducible RNA-binding protein levels in microscopic polyangiitis and granulomatosis with polyangiitis: Correlation with disease activity

Taejun Yoon, Jang Woo Ha, Jung Yoon Pyo, Jason Jungsik Song, Yong Beom Park, Sung Soo Ahn, Sang Won Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated whether circulating cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) could be a biomarker to reflect the current activity, function, and damage status in patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Methods: This study selected 39 MPA and 26 GPA patients. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV)-specific indices include the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Index (BVAS), five-factor score (FFS), the Korean version of the Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS), and the vasculitis damage index (VDI). The highest tertile of BVAS was defined as high activity of AAV. Results: The median age of the study subjects was 65.0 years and 53.8% were women. The median BVAS, FFS, SF-36 PCS, MCS, and VDI scores were 12.0, 2.0, 47.5, 50.3, and 3.0, respectively. The median circulating CIRP level was 6.4 ng/mL. Among the four AAV-specific indices, circulating CIRP was significantly correlated with BVAS (r = 0.256). Using the receiver operator characteristic curve, the cut-off of circulating CIRP for high activity of AAV was 6.16 ng/mL. High activity of AAV was identified more frequently in patients with circulating CIRP ≥ 6.16 ng/mL than in those with circulating CIRP < 6.16 ng/mL (48.6% vs. 21.4%). In addition, patients with circulating CIRP ≥ 6.16 ng/mL exhibited a significantly higher risk for high activity of AAV than those with circulating CIRP < 6.16 ng/mL (relative risk 3.474). Conclusion: This study suggests the clinical potential of circulating CIRP as a biomarker for reflecting the current BVAS and predicting high activity of AAV in patients with MPA and GPA.

Original languageEnglish
JournalZeitschrift fur Rheumatologie
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rheumatology

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