Chemical reduction of graphene oxide: A synthetic chemistry viewpoint

Chun Kiang Chua, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1453 Citations (Scopus)


The chemical reduction of graphene oxide is a promising route towards the large scale production of graphene for commercial applications. The current state-of-the-art in graphene oxide reduction, consisting of more than 50 types of reducing agent, will be reviewed from a synthetic chemistry point of view. Emphasis is placed on the techniques, reaction mechanisms and the quality of the produced graphene. The reducing agents are reviewed under two major categories: (i) those which function according to well-supported mechanisms and (ii) those which function according to proposed mechanisms based on knowledge of organic chemistry. This review will serve as a valuable platform to understand the efficiency of these reducing agents for the reduction of graphene oxide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-312
Number of pages22
JournalChemical Society reviews
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 7

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry


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