Objectives: To evaluate changes in masticatory performance (MP) during the retention period after extraction and non-extraction treatment and compare it with MP in individuals with normal occlusion. Materials and methods: Adult patients who had completed orthodontic fixed appliance treatment comprised the extraction and non-extraction treatment groups, and those with normal occlusion comprised the control group. Their mixing ability (MA), maximum bite force (MBF), and occlusal contact area (OCA) were recorded immediately after the fixed appliance was removed and at 1 month, 6 months, and 1 year post-treatment. The MA was measured via the two-color chewing gum MA test using ViewGum software, and the MBF and OCA were measured using Dental Prescale II system. Results: MA immediately after orthodontic treatment was lower than that in the normal group but showed a time-dependent gradual increase during a 1-year retention period (P < 0.01). The MA at 1 month post-treatment was not significantly different between the three groups (P > 0.05). The MA revealed a significant correlation with the MBF and OCA (P < 0.01). Conclusions: The MP immediately after orthodontic treatment was lower than that in the normal group but increased gradually, with levels comparable to those of the normal occlusion group at 1 month post-treatment. Further, extraction did not affect the recovery of the MP after orthodontic treatment. Clinical Relevance: No other study has evaluated the changes in MP during the retention period after orthodontic treatment. The findings show that compared with MBF and OCA, the patients’ MP improved faster to levels found in normal occlusion.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Dentistry