Central vs. Peripheral Vision during a Singe-Leg Drop Jump: Implications of Dynamics and Patellofemoral Joint Stress

Junyoung Ko, Kyeongtak Song, Hoon Kim, Sae Yong Lee, Jihong Park

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Landing on a single-leg without receiving direct visual information (e.g., not looking at the ground) may increase the risk of injury. We examined whether visual focus contributed to the changing lower-extremity dynamics and patellofemoral joint stress during a single-leg drop jump task. Twenty healthy volunteers visited the laboratory for three separate sessions. During each session, participants randomly performed either of two types of a single-leg drop jump task from a 30 cm high wooden box. Subsequently, participants looked at the landing spot (central vision condition) or kept their heads up (peripheral vision condition) when performing the task. Sagittal and frontal plane lower-extremity joint angles and joint moments (in the ankle, knee, and hip), including the vertical ground reaction force, and patellofemoral joint stress during the first landing phase (from initial contact to peak knee flexion) were compared. Greater ankle inversion and hip adduction were observed when landing with the peripheral vision condition. However, the magnitudes were negligeable (Cohen’s d effect size <0.35). No statistical difference was observed in other comparisons. Landing on a single-leg from a 30 cm height without receiving full visual attention (peripheral vision condition) does not increase the risk of lower-extremity traumatic and overuse injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2599
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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