The catalytic activities of rubber, color and conductive carbon black catalysts for decomposition of ethane were investigated in the temperature range from 973 to 1173 K. Significantly higher ethane conversion and lower ethylene selectivity were obtained in the presence of carbon black catalysts compared with non-catalytic decomposition, resulting in much higher hydrogen yields. This indicates that carbon black catalysts are effective catalysts for dehydrogenation of ethane to hydrogen and ethylene, as well as for the subsequent decomposition of ethylene to hydrogen and solid carbon. However, more methane was produced in the presence of carbon black catalysts than in non-catalytic decomposition. A reaction mechanism was proposed for the catalytic decomposition of ethane. The hydrogen yield increased with an increase in the specific surface area of the nonporous rubber and color carbon black catalysts with a surface area of up to approximately 100 m2/g. However, the hydrogen yield over the carbon black catalysts with higher surface areas, including the conductive carbon black catalysts with very high surface areas, did not increase significantly. The carbon black catalysts exhibited stable activity for ethane decomposition and hydrogen production for 36 h despite carbon deposition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)