Caspase-2 mediates triglyceride (TG)-induced macrophage cell death

Jaewon Lim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Sung Hoon Kim, Ki Jong Rhee, Yoon Suk Kim

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Triglyceride (TG) accumulation causes macrophage cell death, which affects the development of atherosclerosis. Here, we examined whether caspase-2 is implicated in TG-induced macrophage cell death. We found that caspase-2 activity is increased in TG-treated THP-1 macrophages, and that inhibition of caspase-2 activity drastically inhibits TG-induced cell death. We previously reported that TG-induced macrophage cell death is triggered by caspase-1, and thus investigated the relationship between caspase-2 and caspase-1 in TG-induced macrophage cell death. Inhibition of caspase-2 activity decreased caspase-1 activity in TG-treated macrophages. However, caspase-1 inhibition did not affect caspase-2 activity, suggesting that caspase-2 is upstream of caspase-1. Furthermore, we found that TG induces activation of caspase-3, -7, -8, and -9, as well as cleavage of PARP. Inhibition of caspase-2 and -1 decreased TG-induced caspase-3, -7, -8, and -9 activation and PARP cleavage. Taken together, these results suggest that TG-induced macrophage cell death is mediated via the caspase-2/caspase-1/apoptotic caspases/PARP pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-515
Number of pages6
JournalBMB reports
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 by the The Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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