Carotenoids are proposed to have antioxidant activities. The present study was therefore designed to determine whether carotenoids have a protective effect on CCl4-induced hepatocyte injury in vitro. Primarily cultured rat hepatocytes were exposed to medium containing the carotenoids (α-carotene, β-carotene, lycopene and lutein) (10-7-10-5 M) with or without CCl4 (1.5 mM). The release of glutamic pyruvic transaminase and lactic dehydrogenase into medium and the formation of malondialdehyde were examined as indices of cell injury. CCl4 induced the release of glutamic pyruvic transaminase and lactic dehydrogenase into the medium in a dose-dependent fashion. All the carotenoids studied protected cultured rat hepatocytes from CCl4-induced injury based on a reduction of glutamic pyruvic transaminase and lactic dehydrogenase release into the medium and suppression of lipid peroxidation. They also improved the survival of hepatocytes. This study suggests that α-carotene, β-carotene, lycopene and lutein have protective effects on oxidant-induced injury of hepatocytes.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
|Published - 1995 Dec
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology