Can Omics Approaches Improve Microalgal Biofuels under Abiotic Stress?

El Sayed Salama, Sanjay P. Govindwar, Rahul V. Khandare, Hyun Seog Roh, Byong Hun Jeon, Xiangkai Li

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Microalgae hold the promise of an inexpensive and sustainable source of biofuels. The existing microalgal cultivation technologies need significant improvement to outcompete other biofuel sources such as terrestrial plants. Application of ‘algomics’ approaches under different abiotic stress conditions could be an effective strategy for optimization of microalgal growth and production of high-quality biofuels. In this review, we discuss the roles of omics in understanding genome structure and biocomponents metabolism in various microalgal species to optimize sustainable biofuel production. Application of individual and integrated omics revealed that genes and metabolic pathways of microalgae have been altered under multiple stress conditions, resulting in an increase in biocomponents, providing a research platform for expansion of genetic engineering studies in microalgal strains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-624
Number of pages14
JournalTrends in Plant Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science


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