Differentiation of neuronal cells has been shown to accelerate stress-induced cell death, but the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we find that early and sustained increase in cytosolic ([Ca2+]c) and mitochondrial Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]m) is essential for the increased sensitivity to staurosporine-induced cell death following neuronal differentiation in PC12 cells. Consistently, pretreatment of differentiated PC12 cells with the intracellular Ca2+-chelator EGTA-AM diminished staurosporine-induced PARP cleavage and cell death. Furthermore, Ca2+ overload and enhanced vulnerability to staurosporine in differentiated cells were prevented by Bcl-XL overexpression. Our data reveal a new regulatory role for differentiation-dependent alteration of Ca2+ signaling in cell death in response to staurosporine.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry