The topography and the course of the facial artery were investigated in 47 Korean cadavers. The final branch of the facial artery was the lateral nasal branch in 44.0% whereas it was the angular branch in 36.3% of the cases. In 54.5% of the cases, the facial artery ended symmetrically. According to previous studies, variations in the distribution pattern of the facial artery have been regarded as racial difference. However, in this study we showed that the diverse pattern of the facial artery distribution demonstrates individual variation rather than racial difference. The superior and inferior labial arteries on the right side were more dominant than those on the left. The average distance between the branching points for the inferior alar branch and for the lateral nasal branch was 15.9 mm, and it was 25.2 mm between the points for the superior labial branch and for the inferior alar branch. The branching point of the inferior labial branch was 30.9 mm apart on average from that of the superior labial branch. The courses of the facial arteries showed no significant differences based on either laterality or gender.
|Number of pages
|International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
|Published - 2003 Aug
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgment. This paper was supported by Konkuk University in 2000.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery