Bis-Metal Complexes of Doubly N-Confused Dioxohexaphyrins as Potential Near-Infrared-II Photoacoustic Dyes

Keito Shimomura, Hiroto Kai, Yuma Nakamura, Yongseok Hong, Shigeki Mori, Koji Miki, Kouichi Ohe, Yusuke Notsuka, Yoshihisa Yamaoka, Masatoshi Ishida, Dongho Kim, Hiroyuki Furuta

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48 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the detailed photophysical properties of a series of bis-metal (Zn and Cu) dioxohexaphyrin complexes as potential second near-infrared (NIR-II)-light responsive dyes. A cisoid-configured 28π-electron-conjugated dioxohexaphyrin analogue (c-3a) containing two peculiar "confused pyrrole"moieties in the framework is identified as a reduced isomer derivative of a transoid 26π-dioxohexaphyrin (t-2a). The symmetry-altered structure of c-3a affords a heteroleptic inner environment within the NNNN/NNOO donor core, which imparts its highly flexible electronic features and nonplanar geometry. The macrocycle c-3a can be transformed into the corresponding 26π-electron congener (c-2a) having a coplanar rectangular structure by unique solvent-mediated redox reactivity. Furthermore, upon metal complexation, saddle-distorted bis-metal complexes (c-M2-2a) were formed as the 26π-conjugated structural isomer of the trans-dioxohexaphyrin species (i.e., t-M2-2a). These isoelectronic dioxohexaphyrins demonstrate precise geometry-dependent photophysical properties. Broad tailing NIR-II absorption, weak emissive character, and rapid-decay of the S1 state are observed for c-Zn2-2a. In contrast, the coplanar t-M2-2a exhibits efficient photoacoustic response upon laser excitation with NIR-II light (λ > 1000 nm). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first example of an expanded porphyrin-based photoacoustic contrast agent responsive to NIR-II light.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4429-4437
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 4

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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