Bipolar vector classifier for fault-tolerant deep neural networks

Suyong Lee, Insu Choi, Joon Sung Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) surpass the human-level performance on specific tasks. The outperforming capability accelerate an adoption of DNNs to safety-critical applications such as autonomous vehicles and medical diagnosis. Millions of parameters in DNN requires a high memory capacity. A process technology scaling allows increasing memory density, however, the memory reliability confronts significant reliability issues causing errors in the memory. This can make stored weights in memory erroneous. Studies show that the erroneous weights can cause a significant accuracy loss. This motivates research on fault-tolerant DNN architectures. Despite of these efforts, DNNs are still vulnerable to errors, especially error in DNN classifier. In the worst case, because a classifier in convolutional neural network (CNN) is the last stage determining an input class, a single error in the classifier can cause a significant accuracy drop. To enhance the fault tolerance in CNN, this paper proposes a novel bipolar vector classifier which can be easily integrated with any CNN structures and can be incorporated with other fault tolerance approaches. Experimental results show that the proposed method stably maintains an accuracy with a high bit error rate up to 10-3 in the classifier.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 59th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781450391429
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul 10
Event59th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2022 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2022 Jul 102022 Jul 14

Publication series

NameProceedings - Design Automation Conference
ISSN (Print)0738-100X


Conference59th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 ACM.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation


Dive into the research topics of 'Bipolar vector classifier for fault-tolerant deep neural networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this