Biometric cryptosystems: A new biometric key binding and its implementation for fingerprint minutiae-based representation

Zhe Jin, Andrew Beng Jin Teoh, Bok Min Goi, Yong Haur Tay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


Despite fuzzy commitment (FC) is a theoretically sound biometric-key binding scheme, it relies on error correction code (ECC) completely to mitigate biometric intra-user variations. Accordingly, FC suffers from the security–performance tradeoff. That is, the larger key size/higher security always trades with poor key release success rate and vice versa. Additionally, the FC is highly susceptible to a number of security and privacy attacks. Furthermore, the best achievable accuracy performance of FC is constrained by the simple distance metrics such as Hamming distance to measure the dissimilarity of binary biometric features. This implies many efficient matching algorithms are to be abandoned. In this paper, we propose an ECC-free key binding scheme along with cancellable transforms for minutiae-based fingerprint biometrics. Apart from that, the minutiae information is favorably protected by a strong non-invertible cancellable transform, which is crucial to prevent a number of security and privacy attacks. The scheme is not limited to binary biometrics as demanded in FC but instead can be applied to various types of biometric features and hence a more effective matcher can be chosen. Experiments conducted on FVC2002 and FVC2004 show that the accuracy performance is comparable to state-of-the-arts. We further demonstrate that the proposed scheme is robust against several major security and privacy attacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-62
Number of pages13
JournalPattern Recognition
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was partly supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2013006574), Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Research Fund (IPSR/RMC/UTARRF/2013-C2/G04), eScience (01-02-11-SF0201), MOSTI, Malaysia and Anhui Provincial Project of Natural Science (KJ2014A095).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence


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