Biomass and bioenergy: Current state

Chihe Sun, Ao Xia, Qiang Liao, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Jerry D. Murphy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


Increasing energy demand has led to excessive depletion of fossil fuels, significant emission of pollutants and climate change. It is an urgent task to secure clean alternative energy sources to ensure sustainable development. Bioenergy derived from biomass can play a major role in the future energy system due to its renewability, and sustainability. The wide distribution of biomass provides rich sources of raw materials, while the significant development in bioenergy conversion technology improves its competitiveness. Bioenergy, which is used to produce biofuel, heat, and electricity, may be generated via various routes such as thermo-chemical, biological, and bio-electrochemical processes. An energy-efficient and eco-friendly biomass pre-treatment process may effectively enhance bioenergy conversion. Biomass-based heat and electricity can constitute an important fraction of energy in industrial and household sectors; while biofuels may provide energy supply in transportation particularly for heavy goods vehicles and aviation. The biofuel system must be optimised to ensure sustainability, maximise efficiency and minimise cost. It is important to fully understand the mechanisms and the correct combination of biomass pre-treatment, bioenergy conversion, and upgrading technologies. Particular attention should be paid to establishing effective policies to promote the bioenergy and biofuel industries.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Energy and Technology
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages35
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameGreen Energy and Technology
ISSN (Print)1865-3529
ISSN (Electronic)1865-3537

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements This work is supported by the National Science Foundation for Young Scientists of China (No. 51606021), the International Cooperation and Exchange of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51561145013), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 106112017CDJPT140001), and the Venture & Innovation Support Program for Chongqing Overseas Returnees (No. cx2017019). Prof Murphy is funded by by Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) through the Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy (MaREI) under Grant No. 12/RC/2302.

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Biomass and bioenergy: Current state'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this