Behind-the-scenes (Bts): Wiper-occlusion canceling for advanced driver assistance systems in adverse rain environments

Junekyo Jhung, Shiho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Driving in an adverse rain environment is a crucial challenge for vision-based advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) in the automotive industry. The vehicle windshield wiper removes adherent raindrops that cause distorted images from in-vehicle frontal view cameras, but, additionally, it causes an occlusion that can hinder visibility at the same time. The wiper-occlusion causes erroneous judgments by vision-based applications and endangers safety. This study proposes behind-the-scenes (BTS) that detects and removes wiper-occlusion in real-time image inputs under rainy weather conditions. The pixel-wise wiper masks are detected by high-pass filtering to predict the optical flow of a sequential image pair. We fine-tuned a deep learning-based optical flow model with a synthesized dataset, which was generated with pseudo-ground truth wiper masks and flows using auto-labeling with acquired real rainy images. A typical optical flow dataset with static synthetic objects is synthesized with real fast-moving objects to enhance data diversity. We annotated wiper masks and scenes as detection ground truths from the collected real images for evaluation. BTS outperforms by achieving a 0.962 SSIM and 91.6% F1 score in wiper mask detection and 88.3% F1 score in wiper image detection. Consequently, BTS enhanced the performance of vision-based image restoration and object detection applications by canceling occlusions and demonstrated it potential role in improving ADAS under rainy weather conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8081
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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