Bayesian nonparametric inference on quantile residual life function: Application to breast cancer data

Taeyoung Park, Jong Hyeon Jeong, Jae Won Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


There is often an interest in estimating a residual life function as a summary measure of survival data. For ease in presentation of the potential therapeutic effect of a new drug, investigators may summarize survival data in terms of the remaining life years of patients. Under heavy right censoring, however, some reasonably high quantiles (e.g., median) of a residual lifetime distribution cannot be always estimated via a popular nonparametric approach on the basis of the Kaplan-Meier estimator. To overcome the difficulties in dealing with heavily censored survival data, this paper develops a Bayesian nonparametric approach that takes advantage of a fully model-based but highly flexible probabilistic framework. We use a Dirichlet process mixture of Weibull distributions to avoid strong parametric assumptions on the unknown failure time distribution, making it possible to estimate any quantile residual life function under heavy censoring. Posterior computation through Markov chain Monte Carlo is straightforward and efficient because of conjugacy properties and partial collapse. We illustrate the proposed methods by using both simulated data and heavily censored survival data from a recent breast cancer clinical trial conducted by the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1972-1985
Number of pages14
JournalStatistics in Medicine
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Statistics and Probability


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