Backfill cycle of a layered bed H2 PSA process

Hyungwoong Ahn, Chang H.A. Lee, Bongkook Seo, Jaeyoung Yang, Kihwang Baek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


The backfill cycle of two-bed PSA process using activated carbon beds, zeolite 5A beds, and layered beds was studied experimentally and theoretically to recover high purity H2 from coke oven gas. In a layered bed PSA, a comparison was made between two PSA processes with/without a backfill step before the feed pressurization step. Since the backfill step made the adsorption bed rich in H2 and this led to a rather steep concentration wave front at the feed pressurization step, incorporating a backfill step resulted in an increase in product purity with a decrease in recovery. Each step of the single-adsorbent and layered bed PSA processes with a backfill step was simulated with a dynamic model incorporating mass, energy, and momentum balances. The model agreed well with the experimental results in predicting the product H2 purity and recovery, thus giving a basic understanding of the bed dynamics of a backfill cycle. While the concentration and temperature profiles of a layered bed in each step showed characteristic behavior of each adsorbent in each layer, the product purity of a layered bed was not between the limits of two single-adsorbent bed processes. The concentration profiles predicted by simulation showed that CO and N2 played an important role in obtaining high H2 purity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-433
Number of pages15
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The financial assistance and support of Sunkyong Engineering & Construction Limited and R&D Manage- ment Center for Energy and Resources are gratefully acknowledged.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces


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