Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a common tool to test human sera on an antibody reaction against a specific antigen. The 60-kDa Ro/SS-A antigen for autoantibodies can be found in sera from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. As in the case of 60-kDa Ro/SS-A, antigens used in ELISAs are recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli and time-consuming purification steps are needed to get the proteins. To avoid these disadvantages, 60-kDa Ro/SS-A was expressed on the surface of E. coli using autodisplay, an efficient surface display system. Cells displaying 60-kDa Ro/SS-A on the surface were applied as an antigen source instead of the purified antigen. In total, 39 patients and 30 control sera were screened on a 60-kDa Ro/SS-A antibody reaction. To eliminate antibodies against native E. coli, human sera were preabsorbed with E. coli cells prior to the assay. The new ELISA protocol (surface display ELISA [SD-ELISA]) using E. coli with autodisplayed 60-kDa Ro/SS-A showed a sensitivity of 86.67% and a specificity of 83.33% by a cutoff value of 0.28. Our results show that autodisplay provides simple, rapid, and cheap access to human antigens for an ELISA to screen human sera against specific antibody reactions.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support for this study by the Hiller Stiftung Düsseldorf.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology