Authentic learning in heathcare education: A systematic review

Ju Hee Lee, Suzanne Campbell, Moon Ki Choi, Juyeon Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The increasing complexity of the clinical environment demands a higher level of clinical performance competency. New pedagogical authentic learning methods have been developed to meet this need by bridging the gap between knowledge and practice. Objective: This systematic review aimed to examine authentic learning methods and their effects in healthcare education. Design: Systematic review. Data sources: Data were obtained from a literature search of Embase, PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Korean databases (e.g., KoreaMed) for studies published until May 2021. This review selected research papers documenting RCTs or quasi-experimental studies targeting undergraduate students training to become healthcare professionals. Review methods: This study was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guideline. The risk of bias assessment utilized the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) critical checklist. Results: Of 20 selected studies, 12 studies were randomized controlled trials, while 8 had quasi-experimental designs with a control group. Simulation was identified as an effective educational method for authentic learning. Through authentic learning, undergraduate students cultivated their knowledge and learning motivation. However, divergent conclusions were shown for performance skills. Conclusions: Authentic pedagogical methodologies effectively enhanced learners' competencies in the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains. Integrating technological applications, e.g., e-learning or web-based approaches, facilitated education across academic boundaries. Further studies on combining technology with authentic learning approaches should be conducted to construct realistic educational environments for learners. Trial registration: CRD42021229350.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105596
JournalNurse Education Today
Volume119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Nursing
  • Education

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