Augmentation index association with reactive hyperemia as assessed by peripheral arterial tonometry in hypertension

Woo In Yang, Sungha Park, Jong Chan Youn, Nak Hoon Son, Sang Hak Lee, Seok Min Kang, Yangsoo Jang

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23 Citations (Scopus)


Background Augmentation pressure has emerged as a surrogate marker for cardiovascular disease, and endothelial dysfunction has been proposed as related factor. However, the relationship between augmentation pressure and digital endothelial function has not yet been well defined. We investigated the relationship between augmentation pressure and digital reactive hyperemia (RH) in patients with hypertension using peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT), which is regarded as being representative of endothelial function. Methods One hundred hypertensive patients (64 males; mean age, 49 ± 12 years) without a history of taking antihypertensive medication were enrolled in this study. Results The mean augmentation pressure and augmentation index (AIx) normalized for a heart rate of 75 beats/min (AIx75) were 15 ± 8 mm Hg and 26 ± 11%, respectively. The mean RH-PAT index and log transformed PAT ratio were 2.24 ± 0.55 and 0.62 ± 0.30. There was an inverse relationship between the RH-PAT index and age, male sex, and body mass index. The log transformed PAT ratio also showed inverse relationship with age and male sex. The RH-PAT index and the log transformed PAT ratio showed no relationship with augmentation pressure or AIx75. In a multiple linear regression analysis, age, height, and central systolic BP demonstrated an independent association with augmentation pressure and AIx75.ConclusionIn patients with hypertension, the RH-PAT index determined using PAT was not associated with augmentation pressure or AIx75. Digital vascular function may be a less important factor for pressure augmentation in patients with hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1234-1238
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments:This work was supported by a grant of the faculty research grant of Yonsei University College of medicine for 2010 (6-2010-0079) and the Happy tech program through the national research Foundation of Korea (nrF) funded by the ministry of education, Science, andTechnology (2010-0020766).We thank J.H. Kim and S.o. Jung for expert technical assistance.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


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