Atypical mesonephric hyperplasia of the uterus harbors pathogenic mutation of kirsten rat sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) and gain of chromosome 1q

HYUNJIN KIM, NARA YOON, HA YOUNG WOO, EUI JIN LEE, SUNG IM DO, KIYONG NA, HYUN SOO KIM

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aim: Mesonephric carcinoma (MNC) is a rare but notable entity of the female genital tract. While many researchers have acknowledged and studied MNC, much remains unknown on the characteristics of mesonephric remnant (MNR) or hyperplasia (MNH). There has not been any study examining the molecular features of MNR and MNH so far. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of ten uterine mesonephric lesions, including two MNRs without atypia, four MNHs without atypia, and three MNHs with atypia. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the electronic medical records and all available slides of ten cases from multiple institutions. Targeted sequencing and array comparative genomic hybridization were performed. Results: Three atypical MNHs displayed nuclear enlargement, mild-tomoderate nuclear pleomorphism, and nuclear membrane irregularity, and harbored pathogenic Kirsten rat sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homolograt sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) mutation. Two of those that co-existed with MNC harbored the same sequence alterations as each of their adjacent MNC. One of the three atypical MNHs harbored chromosome 1q gain. Conclusion: Atypical MNH is a potential premalignant lesion in which KRAS mutation and chromosome 1q gain play an important role in the early stage of mesonephric carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-826
Number of pages14
JournalCancer Genomics and Proteomics
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 International Institute of Anticancer Research. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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