Attenuation Coefficient Measurement Using a High-Frequency (2–9 MHz) Convex Transducer for Children Including Fatty Liver

Haesung Yoon, Jisoo Kim, Hyun Ji Lim, Naohisa Kamiyama, Takuma Oguri, Hong Koh, Mi Jung Lee

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1 Citation (Scopus)


We evaluated the measurement feasibility and diagnostic ability of an ultrasound-guided attenuation parameter (UGAP) using a high-frequency convex transducer in children. This retrospective study included all consecutive children who underwent abdomen ultrasonography from July to December 2020. Attenuation coefficients (ACs) of the liver were measured using both 1- to 6-MHz (AC1-6) and 2- to 9-MHz (AC2-9) probes of the LOGIQ E10 system (GE Healthcare). t-Tests and Pearson's or partial correlation analyses were performed, and AC cutoff values for diagnosing fatty liver were obtained from receiver operating characteristic curve analyses. Finally, 118 patients (M:F = 83:35, mean age: 10.2 ± 4.1 y) were evaluated, and the measurement success rate was 98.3% (116/118) for AC2-9. AC1-6 was available in children with a liver depth greater than 9 cm. The ratio of interquartile range to median of the AC2-9 was lower than that of the AC1-6 (4.3 vs. 8.5, p < 0.001). In the normal group (n = 41), the AC2-9 values were not associated with age, sex or body mass index. For the evaluation of steatosis, the AC2-9 values exhibited a positive correlation with the MR fat fraction (coefficient = 0.498, p < 0.001). The cutoff value of 0.699 dB/cm/MHz had 90.2% sensitivity and 100% specificity for diagnosing fatty liver. In conclusion, measurements of ACs using a high-frequency convex transducer are feasible even in small children, with lower measurement variability. The AC2-9 values also had good diagnostic performance for pediatric fatty liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1070-1077
Number of pages8
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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