Atomic scale study of black phosphorus degradation

Changbae Hyun, Jong Hun Kim, Jong Young Lee, Gwan Hyoung Lee, Kwang S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Black phosphorus (BP) is a promising two-dimensional (2D) material for future electronic devices due to its unique properties of high carrier mobility and large band gap tunability. However, thinner crystalline BP is more readily degraded under ambient conditions. For BP-based electronic devices, degradation of the exfoliated BP is a key issue. However, the nanometer scale study of BP degradation is rare so far. Herein, we report an atomically resolved degradation process of the BP surface using atomic force microscopy under temperature- and humidity-controlled environments. The atomically resolved crystal surface of BP deteriorated due to surface etching after cleavage, and showed monolayer etching. The etching process is accelerated by applying a bias voltage to BP via a conductive tip. After the voltage-assisted BP etching, the BP etching product shows crystalline BP confirmed by Raman spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. Our atomic scale study of BP will be useful for the future 2D-based electronic devices to overcome conventional silicon-based electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-355
Number of pages6
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Atomic scale study of black phosphorus degradation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this