Atomic Layer Deposition of Electrocatalytic Insulator Al2O3on Three-Dimensional Printed Nanocarbons

Siowwoon Ng, Christian Iffelsberger, Jan Michalička, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The advantages of three-dimensional (3D) printing technologies, such as rapid-prototyping and the freedom to customize electrodes in any design, have elevated the benchmark of conventional electrochemical studies. Furthermore, the 3D printed electrodes conveniently accommodate other active layers for diverse applications such as energy storage, catalysis, and sensors. Nevertheless, to enhance a complex 3D structure while preserving the fine morphology, conformal deposition by atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique is a powerful solution. Herein, we present the concept of coating Al2O3 by ALD with different thicknesses from 20 to 120 cycles on the 3D printed nanocarbon/PLA electrodes for the electrocatalytic oxidation of catechol as an important biomarker. Overall, 80 ALD cycle Al2O3 achieved an optimum thickness for catechol electrocatalysis. This is resonated with the enhanced adsorption of catechol at the electrode surface and efficient electron transfer, according to the two-proton, two-electron-transfer mechanism, as well as for the passivation of surface defects of the nanocarbon electrode. This work compellingly demonstrates the prospect of 3D printed electrodes modified by a functional layer utilizing a low-temperature ALD process that can be extended to other arbitrary surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-697
Number of pages12
JournalACS Nano
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 26

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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