Association of PTPN22 1858C/T polymorphism with autoimmune diseases: A systematic review and bayesian approach

Kalthoum Tizaoui, Seon Hui Kim, Gwang Hun Jeong, Andreas Kronbichler, Kwang Seob Lee, Keum Hwa Lee, Jae Il Shin

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25 Citations (Scopus)


The 1858T allele in the protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 (PTPN22) locus shows one of the strongest and most consistent genetic associations with autoimmune diseases. We synthesized all meta-analyses reporting a genetic association of the PTPN22 1858T C/T polymorphism with autoimmune diseases. This work examined their validity to discover false positive results under Bayesian methods. We conducted a PubMed search to identify relevant publications and extracted the respective results, published until 30 November 2018. In observational studies, the associations of 1858 C/T genetic variant were noteworthy for 12 autoimmune or autoimmunity-related diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, type 1 diabetes mellitus, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Crohn’s disease, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis, vitiligo, Graves’ disease, myasthenia gravis, Addison’s disease, giant cell arteritis, and endometriosis). In contrast, we could not confirm the noteworthiness for eight diseases (systemic sclerosis, psoriasis, Behçet’s disease, autoimmune thyroid disease, alopecia areata, Sjögren’s syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, and ankylosing spondylitis). From the meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with a p-value < 5 × 10-8, findings verified noteworthiness for all autoimmune diseases (psoriatic arthritis, myasthenia gravis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis). The results from meta-analysis of GWAS showing a p-value ranging between 0.05 and 5 × 10-8 were noteworthy under both Bayesian approaches (ANCA-associated vasculitis, type 1 diabetes mellitus, giant cell arteritis and juvenile idiopathic arthritis). Re-analysis of observational studies and GWAS by Bayesian approaches revealed the noteworthiness of all significant associations observed by GWAS, but noteworthiness could not be confirmed for all associations found in observational studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number347
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar

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© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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