Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the major cause of chronic liver disease, yet cost-effective and non-invasive diagnostic tools to monitor the severity of the disease are lacking. We aimed to investigate the metabolomic changes in NAFLD associated with therapeutic responses. It was conducted in 63 patients with NAFLD who received either ezetimibe plus rosuvastatin or rosuvastatin monotherapy. The treatment response was determined by MRI performed at baseline and week 24. The metabolites were measured at baseline and week 12. In the combination group, a relative decrease in xanthine was associated with a good response to liver fat decrease, while a relative increase in choline was associated with a good response to liver stiffness. In the monotherapy group, the relative decreases in triglyceride (TG) 20:5_36:2, TG 18:1_38:6, acetylcarnitine (C2), fatty acid (FA) 18:2, FA 18:1, and docosahexaenoic acid were associated with a decrease in liver fat, while hexosylceramide (d18:2/16:0) and hippuric acid were associated with a decrease in liver stiffness. Models using the metabolite changes showed an AUC of >0.75 in receiver operating curve analysis for predicting an improvement in liver fat and stiffness. This approach revealed the physiological impact of drugs, suggesting the mechanism underlying the development of this disease.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)