Association of clinical events with everolimus exposure in kidney transplant patients receiving reduced cyclosporine

Fuad S. Shihab, Diane Cibrik, Laurence Chan, Yu Seun Kim, Mario Carmellini, Rowan Walker, Gazi Zibari, James Pattison, Catherine Cornu-Artis, Zailong Wang, Helio Tedesco-Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The association between clinical events and everolimus exposure in patients receiving reduced-exposure calcineurin inhibitor therapy is poorly explored. Methods: In a pre-planned, descriptive analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial, events were correlated with everolimus trough concentrations in 556 newly transplanted kidney transplant patients receiving everolimus with reduced-exposure cyclosporine (CsA) and steroids. Influence of everolimus exposure on clinical events was stratified according to predefined time-normalized concentrations. Results: The incidence of treated biopsy-proven acute rejection and graft loss at month 12 was highest in patients with everolimus <3 ng/mL (36.4% and 28.6%, respectively, vs. 9.1-15.3% and 0.9-5.0% with higher concentration ranges). A higher mortality rate was observed in patients with an everolimus trough concentration ≥12 ng/mL (10.0% vs. 1.7-5.6% with lower concentration ranges). The lowest rates of renal dysfunction (defined as poor renal function [estimated GFR, serum creatinine] or proteinuria), wound healing events, peripheral edema, new-onset diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia were generally observed with everolimus trough concentration in the range 3-8 ng/mL and CsA <100 ng/mL. Proteinuria occurred most frequently in patients with very low or very high everolimus trough concentrations. Conclusions: These results support an exposure-response relationship between clinical events and everolimus trough concentrations in kidney transplant patients receiving reduced-exposure CsA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-226
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Transplantation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Transplantation


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