Vitamin D deficiency is a growing health problem in both the general population and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and health-related quality of life in CKD is not well established. This study examined the association between vitamin D deficiency and quality of life in pre-dialysis CKD patients. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the Korean version of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life short form were obtained for 1844 pre-dialysis CKD patients in the prospective KoreaN cohort Study for Outcomes in patients With Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD). The baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate was 50.26 ± 0.71 mL/min/1.73 m2. We identified 1294 (70.2%) patients with vitamin D deficiency, defined as a 25-hydroxyvitamin D level < 20 ng/ml. The scores of the kidney disease component summary, physical component summary, and mental component summary in the vitamin D deficiency group were significantly lower compared to the scores of those without vitamin D deficiency. The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was independently associated with the kidney disease component summary and mental component summary scores (β = 0.147, p = 0.003 and β = 0.151, p = 0.047). In conclusion, there was a significant association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and kidney disease component summary and mental component summary scores in pre-dialysis CKD patients.
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© 2017 Oh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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