Association between vitamin D deficiency and anemia in patients with end-stage renal disease: A cross-sectional study

Yung Ly Kim, Hyunwook Kim, Young Eun Kwon, Dong Ryeol Ryu, Mi Jung Lee, Kyung Sook Park, Han Jak Ryu, Jung Tak Park, Hyung Jung Oh, Seung Hyeok Han, Tae Hyun Yoo, Shin Wook Kang

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Despite new treatment strategies, anemia remains the most prevalent complication in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We investigated whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D3] deficiency was associated with anemia in ESRD patients. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 410 ESRD patients who had undergone renal transplantation (RTx) at Yonsei University Health System and who had 25(OH)D3 levels measured at the time of RTx. Patients were divided into two groups based on baseline 25(OH)D3 concentrations: group 1, 25(OH)D3 levels <10 ng/mL; and group 2, 25(OH)D3 levels ≥10 ng/mL. Results: Using multivariate regression models, 25(OH)D3, age, and erythrocyte-stimulating agent (ESA) dose were found to be significantly associated with hemoglobin (Hb) levels [25(OH)D3: β=0.263, p<0.001; age: β=0.122, p=0.010; ESA dose: β=-0.069, p=0.005]. In addition, logistic regression analysis revealed that patients in group 1 had a significantly higher risk for developing anemia (Hb level <10 g/dL) compared to group 2 patients, even after adjusting for potential risk factors for anemia (odds ratio=3.857; confidence interval=1.091–13.632; p=0.036). Conclusion: 25(OH)D3 deficiency was significantly associated with anemia in patients with ESRD. Randomized controlled trials are needed to determine whether vitamin D supplementation can improve anemia in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1159-1164
Number of pages6
JournalYonsei medical journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sept

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Yonsei University College of Medicine 2016.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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