The massive lockdown of global cities during the COVID-19 pandemic is substantially improving the atmospheric environment, which for the first time, urban mobility is virtually reduced to zero, and it is then possible to establish a baseline for air quality. By comparing these values with pre-COVID-19 data, it is possible to infer the likely effect of urban mobility and spatial configuration on the air quality. In the present study, a time-series prediction model is enhanced to estimate the nationwide NO2 concentrations before and during the lockdown measures in the United States, and 54 cities are included in the study. The prediction generates a notable NO2 difference between the observations if the lockdown is not considered, and the changes in urban mobility can explain the difference. It is found that the changes in urban mobility associated with various road textures have a significant impact on NO2 dispersion in different types of climates.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- General Environmental Science
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health