Association Between Insomnia and Constipation: A Multicenter Three-year Cross-sectional Study Using Shift Workers' Health Check-up Data

Byung Yoon Yun, Juho Sim, Jin Ha Yoon, Sung Kyung Kim

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Although insomnia and constipation are highly prevalent worldwide, studies examining a possible association between them are lacking. We examined the relationship between insomnia and constipation in shift workers who have a high prevalence of insomnia and other diseases. Methods: This study had a multicenter cross-sectional design and conducted using health examination data including self-reported questionnaires. In total, 12,879 and 4,650 shift workers were enrolled in Severance Hospital and Wonju Severance Hospital, respectively, during 2015-2017. Multivariate logistic regression models and subgroup analysis were performed in each center with the same protocol, using a common data model. Results: The mean age of the total population was 44.35 (standard deviation = 8.75); the proportion of males was 56.9%. Female sex, being underweight and non-smoker were strongly associated with an increased risk of constipation symptom (p < 0.001). Pooled odds ratios (ORs) were calculated using ORs of both centers with weights; there was a significant dose–response relationship (sub-threshold 1.76 [95% confidence interval [CI] 1.62–1.91]; moderate 2.28 [95% CI 2.01–2.60]; severe 4.15 [95% CI 3.18–5.41] in the final model, p for trend < 0.001). Subgroup analysis performed by stratifying sex and pooled ORs showed a similar trend to that of the entire group. Conclusion: We observed a strong correlation between insomnia and constipation in this population. Our findings may help in formulating guidelines and policies to improve quality of life in shift workers through the management of sleep quality and proper bowel function. This study is the first to report this relationship among people working in shifts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-247
Number of pages8
JournalSafety and Health at Work
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Chemical Health and Safety


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