Association between heme oxygenase-1 promoter polymorphisms and the development of albuminuria in type 2 diabetes: A case-control study

Eun Young Lee, Yong Ho Lee, Soo Hyun Kim, Kyu Sik Chung, Obin Kwon, Beom Seok Kim, Chung Mo Nam, Chun Sik Park, Byung Wan Lee, Eun Seok Kang, Bong Soo Cha, Hyun Chul Lee

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Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is a key enzyme in cytoprotective mechanisms against oxidative stress in the cardiovascular-renal system. The T(-413)A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and (GT)n microsatellite polymorphism in the HO-1 gene promoter modulate the HO-1 gene transcriptional activity and these polymorphisms are associated with various human diseases. We investigated the association between HO-1 promoter polymorphisms and nephropathy in type 2 diabetes. We sequenced the T(-413)A SNP and (GT)n repeat segments of the HO-1 gene promoter in 536 patients with type 2 diabetes. (GT)n alleles were divided into 2 groups: short (S, ≥25 GT repeats) and long (L, <25 GT repeats) alleles. The presence of albuminuria was used as a marker of diabetic nephropathy. Patients with the TT genotype in the T(-413)A SNP were significantly more susceptible to albuminuria development than those carrying the A allele, with an odds ratio of 1.577 (95% confidence interval, 1.088≥2.285; P=0.016). Subgroup analysis showed that patients carrying the TT genotype with long duration of diabetes (≥20 years), poor glycemic control, male gender and without hypertension had higher odds ratios for the development of albuminuria. In vitro, promoter activity of the T(-413)A SNP was higher with A allele than T allele. Regarding to the (GT)n repeats, the LL genotype showed a higher odds ratio for the development of albuminuria only in patients with hypertension when compared to the S allele. In conclusion, the T(-413)A SNP in the HO-1 promoter is significantly associated with albuminuria development in type 2 diabetes patients, especially with longer duration and poor glycemic control.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1825
JournalMedicine (United States)
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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