Association between a family history of diabetes and carotid artery atherosclerosis in Korean adults

Sun Young Shim, Ga Bin Lee, Jee Seon Shim, Sun Jae Jung, Hyeon Chang Kim

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Diabetes is a well-known risk factor for atherosclerosis, but the association between a family history of diabetes and atherosclerosis remains unknown. In this study, we assessed the association between a family history of diabetes and increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, in a middle-Aged Korean population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 3,974 community-dwelling adults (1,404 male and 2,570 female) aged 30-64 years from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center cohort. The presence of a family history of diabetes was assessed through face-To-face interviews using a standardized questionnaire. Carotid IMT was assessed using B-mode ultrasonography, and increased IMT was defined as a value in the top quartile of the IMT values of all participants. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate independent associations between a family history of diabetes and increased IMT. RESULTS: A family history of diabetes was significantly associated with increased carotid IMT (odds ratio, 1.23; 95% confidence interval, 1.03 to 1.48) after adjusting for sex; age; body mass index; systolic blood pressure; total cholesterol, triglyceride, and hemoglobin A1c levels; smoking; alcohol consumption; exercise; use of antidiabetic, antihypertensive, and antilipidemic drugs; and a family history of hypertension. The positive association remained significant after excluding participants with diabetes (odds ratio, 1.21; 95% confidence interval, 1.00 to 1.47). CONCLUSIONS: A family history of diabetes was positively associated with increased carotid IMT, even in participants without diabetes. Therefore, information on a family history of diabetes may help identify individuals at high risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021049
JournalEpidemiology and health
Volume43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Korean Society of Epidemiology. All Rights Reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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