Assessment of K0 correlation to strength for granular materials

Junhwan Lee, Tae Sup Yun, Dongyeol Lee, Junghwoon Lee

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47 Citations (Scopus)


The coefficient of lateral stress at rest K0 is a state soil variable, yet is well correlated to strength. As different types of friction angles can be defined, it is important to examine the applicability of K 0-strength correlation and further clarify the mechanism of K 0-stress state. In this study, the values of K0 were experimentally investigated for different types of granular materials, focusing on its correlation to material strength and the effect of particle shape and surface roughness. For this purpose, laboratory tests were conducted to directly measure K0 of natural sand, spherically shaped glass bead, and surface-etched glass bead packings under various stress and soil conditions. Triaxial and other basic property tests were also conducted to characterize the test granular materials. It was revealed that the effect of material density on K0 differed depending on the stress history whereas the effect of particle surface roughness, within the range considered in this study, was relatively small. Test results highlight that the values of the friction angle employed into Jaky's K0 equation to match measured K0 values are not unique, showing a statedependent aspect. Inter-particle stress analysis was introduced to assess the correlation of K0 to the friction angle as postulated by Jaky's K0 equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)584-595
Number of pages12
JournalSoils and Foundations
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MEST) (No. 2011-0030845 ) and partially by a grant (code 11-Technology innovation-E02) from the Construction Technology Innovation Program funded by the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs of the Korean government .

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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