Assessment of effect of climate change on hygrothermal performance of cross-laminated timber building envelope with modular construction

Seong Jin Chang, Yujin Kang, Beom Yeol Yun, Sungwoong Yang, Sumin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Cross-laminated timber (CLT) modular construction possesses the advantages of wood, such as excellent carbon storage and thermal insulation, and of modular construction, such as considerably reduced construction period and cost as well as high productivity. This study evaluates the hygrothermal performance of CLT walls considering modular construction in future climatic conditions. Firstly, CLT walls with plywood applied to a core layer were manufactured. A mock-up of a CLT building was produced and its construction process was analyzed. Hygrothermal behavior of the CLT walls was simulated using WUFI simulation program, and the predicted results were verified against measurements obtained from the mock-up experiment. Finally, the hygrothermal performance of the CLT wall was evaluated for four types of insulation and future climate in eight cities of USA. The coefficient of variation—root mean square error (CV(RMSE))—of the temperature and relative humidity inside the ply-lam CLT wall from mock-up experiments and simulation evaluation were 6.43% and 7.02%, respectively, which met the validation criteria. Based on the hygrothermal performance, the ply-lam CLT wall with extruded polystyrene insulation was evaluated as safe from moisture problems in all the eight cities considered in this study. However, the risk of mold growth in all regions and insulation types increased under climate change with a rise of average annual temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101703
JournalCase Studies in Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a Gyeongsang National University grant in 2020–2021.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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