Aqueous-phase reforming (APR) and aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation (APH) reactions of ethylene glycol (EG) were investigated using platinum supported solid-acid SiO2-Al2O3 catalysts with different Si/Al molar ratios. The molar ratio of Si/Al on the SiO2-Al2O3 mixed metal oxides largely altered the surface area due to changes to the acidity, as well as changing the reduction behavior of the supported platinum nanoparticles. The Pt/SiO2-Al2O3 catalysts with a Si/Al molar ratio of 0.1 showed a higher activity for APR as well as APH. Among the various properties of Pt/SiO2-Al2O3, the amount of acid sites on the SiO2-Al2O3 supports changed the EG conversion and production distribution with different coke depositions. The acidic property was a more dominant factor for the catalytic activity than the affects of the platinum crystallite size on the reduction behavior. The easy and simultaneous cleavages of C-C as well as the C-O bonds in EG on the Bronsted acid sites of Pt/SiO2-Al2O3 catalysts were responsible for a higher EG conversion and hydrocarbon formation. A larger number of weak acid sites was also related to the formation of larger hydrocarbons and a lower coke deposition. Compared with Pt/Al2O3, improved catalytic acidity with a low coke deposition was observed for Pt/SiO2-Al2O3 at a Si/Al molar ratio of 0.1. This can mainly be attributed to the easy control of weak and strong acid sites with a high dispersion of platinum crystallites by simply changing the Si/Al molar ratio of the SiO2-Al2O3 mixed metal oxides.
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© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)