Application of nanotechnology (nanoparticles) in dark fermentative hydrogen production

Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Sutha Shobana, Dinh Duc Nguyen, J. Rajesh Banu, Periyasamy Sivagurunathan, Soon Woong Chang, Vinoth Kumar Ponnusamy, Gopalakrishnan Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)


An enhanced dark fermentative hydrogen production via the introduction of nanotechnology, utilizing inorganic/organic nanoparticles (NPs) in the membrane of the bioreactors has been renowned these days. Such a nanotechnology includes metal and metal oxides like copper, gold, palladium, silver, iron-iron oxide, nickel-nickel oxide, silica, titanium oxide and carbon nanoparticles (CNTs) respectively have been revealed a noteworthy development in the dark fermentative hydrogen productivity. The pure/mixed cultures can generate dark fermentative hydrogen from biowastes feedstocks with pure sugars derived NPs and the efficiencies in the productivity depends on the nature and concentration of which the NPs employed. In this review, the prospective responsibilities of the inorganic/organic NPs in the enrichment of dark fermentative hydrogen production have been considered for the utilization of the feedstocks like sugars and biowastes materials. Additionally, certain commercial applications in supportive of the integrative approach of inorganic/organic NPs in the case of dark fermentative hydrogen productivity have been discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1431-1440
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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