Characterization of particulate matter (PM) emitted from diesel vehicle exhaust requires a real-time measurement sensor to record particle concentrations under transient tests. Recently, a micro-machined unipolar charger (MUC) based on a micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) was introduced and evaluated to test aerosol particles on a laboratory scale. We present the performance characteristics of the MUC for its potential use as a sensor for diesel PM emissions. A correlation equation was derived from particle loss experiments and tandem differential mobility analyzer (TDMA) measurements in the laboratory, which was used to convert the current measurement datum into a total particle number concentration. Under various idling and driving conditions of a diesel vehicle, the electrical signals from the MUC were verified to have followed the trend of the total number concentrations of diesel PM measured using a condensation particle counter (CPC). When the diesel PM concentrations measured using the CPC were within the range of 2×104-2×105#/cm3, the total number concentrations, estimated using a correlation equation, were in agreement with the CPC data.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was part of the “Development of Partial Zero Emission Technology for Future Vehicle” project funded by the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy . The authors are grateful for this financial support.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Atmospheric Science