Antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities of xanthorrhizol in hippocampal neurons and primary cultured microglia

Chol Seung Lim, Da Qing Jin, Hyejung Mok, Sang Jin Oh, Jung Uk Lee, Jae Kwan Hwang, Ilho Ha, Jung Soo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)


Xanthorrhizol, a natural sesquiterpenoid isolated from the rhizome of Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb (Zingiberaceae), has antibacterial activities and protective effects against cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity. In this study, we investigated the activities of xanthorrhizol as an antioxidant or antiinflammatory agent using neuronal and microglial cells. Xanthorrhizol had potent neuroprotective effects on glutamate-induced neurotoxicity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in the murine hippocampal HT22 cell line. Also, xanthorrhizol inhibited H2O2-induced lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenates. The properties of xanthorrhizol as an antiinflammatory agent were investigated in microglial activation by lipopolysaccharide. It reduced the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and the inducible nitric oxide synthase, which consequently resulted in the reduction of nitric oxide. The production of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α in activated microglial cells, was reduced by xanthorrhizol. These results suggest that xanthorrhizol could be an effective candidate for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease- and other neurological disease-related ROS and inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-838
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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