Coralmycins, such as coralmycin A and DH-coralmycin A, have novel molecular skele-tons and have been reported to exhibit potent antibacterial activity against standard Gram-positive bacterial strains. Here, the in vitro antibacterial activity against an extensive clinical isolate collec-tion, time-kill kinetics, pharmacokinetics (PK), and in vivo efficacy of coralmycins were studied. Coralmycin A showed potent antibacterial activity with an MIC90 of 1 mg/L against 73 clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci isolates, which was 2–8 times higher than the corresponding activities of DH-coralmycin A, vancomycin, daptomycin, and linezolid, and against 73 vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus and Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates, which was 4–16 times higher than the corresponding activities of DH-coralmycin A, daptomycin, and linezolid. Pharmacokinetic analysis after i.v. injection showed that coralmycins have a moderate vol-ume of distribution and moderate-to-high clearance in mice. The coralmycin A and DH-coralmycin A bioavailability values were 61.3% and 11.7%, respectively, after s.c. administration. In a mouse respiratory tract infection model, coralmycin A showed bacteriostatic and bactericidal in vivo efficacies at an s.c. administration of 4 and 100 mg/kg bid, respectively; these efficacies were similar to those of vancomycin at 4 and 20 mg/kg bid, respectively. The present findings indicate that coralmycin A has great potential as a new class of antibiotic for treating infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-positive bacteria.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)