Study Design: Prospective observational study. Objective: In ACDF, graft failure and subsidence are common complications of surgery. Depending on the cervical fixation, different biomechanical characteristics are applied on the grafts. This aims to describe the incidence of cervical spacer failure in patients with cervical degenerative condition according to the cervical fixation method and sagittal balance. Method: From November 2011 to December 2015, 262 patients who underwent cervical spine surgery were enrolled prospectively. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on fixation method: anterior plate/screw (APS), posterior lateral mass screw (LMS), pedicle screw (PPS) groups. Serial X-rays and CT scans were utilized to evaluate radiologic outcomes. Results: Mean patient ages were 56.1 years in the APS group, 61.5 years in the LMS group, and 57.6 years in the PPS group (P = 0.002). Allospacer failure was most common in the APS group, compared to the LMS and PPS groups (chi-square, P = 0.038). Longer fusion level was associated with greater allospacer failure (Baseline 2 level surgery; Odds ratio (OR) 3.4 in 3 level, 15.2 in 4 level, P = 0.036,0.013). Higher T1 slope was correlated with less allospacer failure (OR 0.875, P = 0.001). ORs of allospacer failure in the LMS and PPS groups were 0.04 and 0.02, respectively, (P = 0.01, 0.01), compared with the APS group. Conclusion: This study was able to show that allospacer failure in multi-level ACDF surgery is more common with a longer fusion length, less postoperative T1 slope, and an anterior plate-screws technique. Pedicle screws provided the best biomechanical stability among the 3 constructs.
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© The Author(s) 2021.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Clinical Neurology