In vivo osteogenic responses to anabolic stimuli are expected to be accompanied by angiogenesis as well as in the process of remodeling of bone. Consequently, angiogenesis might play an important role in mediating bone forming stimulating effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH). To investigate this relationship, we used actively growing young Sprague-Dawley rats and CKD-732, one of the angiogenesis inhibitor (AI) to reveal the relationship of angiogenesis in the effect of PTH. The groups were divided as (1) vehicle [VEH group], (2) PTH(1-84) [PTH group], (3) AI alone [AI group], (4) PTH(1-84) + AI concomitance [PTH-AI group] and were treated for 6 weeks. The bone mineral density (BMD) of PTH group was higher than VEH group and the gain of bone mass was attenuated in PTH-AI group. The maximal failure load in PTH group was higher than VEH group, but it was definitely attenuated by concurrent use of AI. Moreover, the toughness showed similar significant deterioration in PTH-AI group. General bone turnover was also significantly decreased in PTH-AI group as shown by the absence of increase in osteocalcin and β-crosslaps and by decrease in metaphyseal length. The BMD or the biomechanic data of AI only group were similar to the VEH group, suggesting the minimal effect of AI itself on the normal modeling phase of the growing rats. In conclusion, the angiogenesis seemed to contribute to completing the anabolic effect of PTH especially for bone strength.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the fund for Young Investigator given by the Korean Society of Endocrinology. This study was supported by Grant 03-PJ10-GP01-0002 from the Korea Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea and Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
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