Analysis of the pan-Asian subgroup of patients in the NALA Trial: a randomized phase III NALA Trial comparing neratinib+capecitabine (N+C) vs lapatinib+capecitabine (L+C) in patients with HER2+metastatic breast cancer (mBC) previously treated with two or more HER2-directed regimens

Ming Shen Dai, Yin Hsun Feng, Shang Wen Chen, Norikazu Masuda, Thomas Yau, Shou Tung Chen, Yen Shen Lu, Yoon Sim Yap, Peter C.S. Ang, Sung Chao Chu, Ava Kwong, Keun Seok Lee, Samuel Ow, Sung Bae Kim, Johnson Lin, Hyun Cheol Chung, Roger Ngan, Victor C. Kok, Kun Ming Rau, Takafumi SangaiTing Ying Ng, Ling Ming Tseng, Richard Bryce, Judith Bebchuk, Mei Chieh Chen, Ming Feng Hou

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Neratinib, an irreversible pan-HER tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has demonstrated systemic efficacy and intracranial activity in various stages of HER2+breast cancer. NALA was a phase III randomized trial that assessed the efficacy and safety of neratinib+capecitabine (N+C) against lapatinib+capecitabine (L+C) in HER2+ metastatic breast cancer (mBC) patients who had received ≥ 2 HER2-directed regimens. Descriptive analysis results of the Asian subgroup in the NALA study are reported herein. Methods: 621 centrally assessed HER2+ mBC patients were enrolled, 202 of whom were Asian. Those with stable, asymptomatic brain metastases (BM) were eligible for study entry. Patients were randomized 1:1 to N (240 mg qd) + C (750 mg/m2 bid, day 1–14) with loperamide prophylaxis or to L (1250 mg qd) + C (1000 mg/m2 bid, day 1–14) in 21-day cycles. Co-primary endpoints were centrally assessed progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints included time to intervention for central nervous system (CNS) disease, objective response rate, duration of response (DoR), clinical benefit rate, and safety. Results: 104 and 98 Asian patients were randomly assigned to receive N+C or L+C, respectively. Median PFS of N+C and L+C was 7.0 and 5.4 months (P = 0.0011), respectively. Overall cumulative incidence of intervention for CNS disease was lower with N+C (27.9 versus 33.8%; P = 0.039). Both median OS (23.8 versus 18.7 months; P = 0.185) and DoR (11.1 versus 4.2 months; P < 0.0001) were extended with N+C, compared to L+C. The incidences of grade 3/4 treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and TEAEs leading to treatment discontinuation were mostly comparable between the two arms. Diarrhea and palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia were the most frequent TEAEs in both arms, similar to the overall population in incidence and severity. Conclusion: Consistent with the efficacy profile observed in the overall study population, Asian patients with HER2+ mBC, who had received ≥ 2 HER2-directed regimens, may also benefit from N+C. No new safety signals were noted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-676
Number of pages12
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume189
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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